Needs of the Community

A review of general health and access to care indicators was conducted using the State of Illinois IPLAN Data System, as well as information from Hospital Discharge Data, CDC Wonder Mortality Data and the University of Wisconsin County Health Rankings Report to determine significant health issues for the general population of St. Clair County.

General health comparisons for St. Clair County using the University of Wisconsin County Health Rankings Report1 released in 2015 show that St. Clair County ranks –

  1. 86 out of 102 Illinois counties for health outcomes such as premature mortality, poor physical health, poor mental health. This reflects positive movement from 2011 when St. Clair County ranked 94 out of 102 Illinois counties.
  2. 90 out of 102 Illinois counties for health behaviors such as tobacco use, excessive drinking, teen pregnancy, obesity and motor vehicle crash death rate. 42 out of 102 Illinois counties for clinical care such as uninsured adults, primary care physicians, preventable hospital stays, diabetic and mammography screenings.
  3. 89 out of 102 Illinois counties for social and economic factors such high school and college graduation rates, unemployment, children in poverty, inadequate social support and violent crime rate.
  4. 62 out of 102 Illinois counties for physical environment factors such as air pollution ozone days, access to healthy food and access to recreational facilities (University of Wisconsin Population Health Institute, 2014).
1 The County Health Rankings, commissioned by the Robert Woods Johnson Foundation are based on a model of population health that emphasizes the many factors that, if improved, can help make communities healthier places to live, learn, work and play. 

Health Outcomes

Rank: 86 of 102

Length of Life

Rank: 80 of 102

Premature Death

  • St. Clair County: 8,341
  • Illinois: 6,349
  • US: 5,200


Quality of Life

Rank: 92 of 102

Poor or fair health

  • St. Clair County: 16%
  • Illinois: 15%
  • US: 10%

Poor physical health days

  • St. Clair County: 4.0
  • Illinois: 3.4
  • US: 2.5

Poor mental health days

  • St. Clair County: 4.0
  • Illinois: 3.4
  • US: 2.5

Low birthweight

  • St. Clair County: 9.2%
  • Illinois: 8.4%
  • US: 5.9%


Health Factors

Rank: 85 of 102


Health Behaviors

Rank: 90 of 102

Adult smoking

  • St. Clair County: 22%
  • Illinois: 18%
  • US: 14%

Adult obesity

  • St. Clair County: 31%
  • Illinois: 27%
  • US: 25%

Food environment index

  • St. Clair County: 5.9
  • Illinois: 7.8
  • US: 8.4

Physical inactivity

  • St. Clair County: 28%
  • Illinois: 23%
  • US: 20%

Access to exercise opportunities

  • St. Clair County: 82%
  • Illinois: 89%
  • US: 92%

Excessive drinking

  • St. Clair County: 19%
  • Illinois: 20%
  • US: 10%

Alcohol-impared driving deaths

  • St. Clair County: 41%
  • Illinois: 37%
  • US: 14%

Sexually transmitted infection

  • St. Clair County: 789
  • Illinois: 526
  • US: 138

Teen births

  • St. Clair County: 48
  • Illinois: 35
  • US: 20


Clinical Care

Rank: 43 of 102

Uninsured

  • St. Clair County: 12%
  • Illinois: 15%
  • US: 11%

Primary care physicians

  • St. Clair County: 1,670:1
  • Illinois: 1,266:1
  • US: 1,045:1

Dentists

  • St. Clair County: 1,517:1
  • Illinois: 1,453:1
  • US: 1,377:1

Mental health providers

  • St. Clair County: 1,271:1
  • Illinois: 604:1
  • US: 386:1

Preventable hospital stays

  • St. Clair County: 68
  • Illinois: 65
  • US: 41

Diabetic monitoring

  • St. Clair County: 82%
  • Illinois: 85%
  • US: 90%

Mammography screening

  • St. Clair County: 61.8%
  • Illinois: 64.4%
  • US: 70.7%


Social and Economic Factors

Rank: 89 of 102

High school graduation

  • St. Clair County: 81%
  • Illinois: 
  • US: 82%

Some college

  • St. Clair County: 67.2%
  • Illinois: 66.7%
  • US: 71%

Unemployment

  • St. Clair County: 9.5%
  • Illinois: 9.2%
  • US: 4.0%

Children in poverty

  • St. Clair County: 27%
  • Illinois: 21%
  • US: 13%

Income inequality

  • St. Clair County: 5.2%
  • Illinois: 4.8%
  • US: 3.7%

Children-single parent households

  • St. Clair County: 45%
  • Illinois: 32%
  • US: 20%

Violent crime

  • St. Clair County: 904
  • Illinois: 430
  • US: 59

Injury deaths

  • St. Clair County: 70
  • Illinois: 50
  • US: 50


Physical Environment

Rank: 62 of 102

Air pollution-particulate matter

  • St. Clair County: 12.1
  • Illinois: 12.5
  • US: 9.5

Drinking water violations

  • St. Clair County: 4%
  • Illinois: 2%
  • US: 0%

Severe housing problems

  • St. Clair County: 16%
  • Illinois: 19%
  • US: 9%

Driving alone to work

  • St. Clair County: 81%
  • Illinois: 74%
  • US: 71%

Long commute - driving alone

  • St. Clair County: 31%
  • Illinois: 40%
  • US: 15%
Source: www.countyhealthrankings.org/illinois/st-clair- 2015